Uterine polyps are growths fragments in the inner walls of the uterus – the overgrowth of cells in the lining of the uterus causes formation of uterine polyps. These are known as endometrial polyps but are non-cancerous growth fragments. However, they can eventually turn into cancer (precancerous polyps). Uterine polyps most commonly occur in women who are going through or have completed menopause, although younger women can get them, too.
The common signs and symptoms of uterine polyps include:
- Irregular menstrual bleeding
- Bleeding between menstrual periods
- Excessive menstrual periods
- Vaginal bleeding after menopause
The common risk factors of developing uterine polyps include – being perimenopausal or postmenopausal with complaints of being hypertensive. Additional risk factors include obesity and a particular variant of cancer drug therapy known as – tamoxifen.
For small polyps without any symptomatic manifestations usually resolve on their own. However, treatment of small polyps is unnecessary unless you’re at risk of uterine cancer. For more serious complaints of uterine a hysteroscopy may be performed. Doctor use specialized equipment to see inside the uterus and subsequently remove the polyps