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Uro-Gynaecology is a subspecialty within Obstetrics and Gynaecology that focuses on pelvic floor disorders. The pelvic floor is made up of muscles and tissues that support the organs in the pelvis — bladder, uterus, vagina, small bowel and rectum. If the pelvic floor becomes weak, it might result in some of these organs not functioning properly.

Pelvic floor weakness could result in conditions like:

  • Urinary incontinence and urinary problems like painful urination
  • Fecal incontinence
  • Pelvic pain
  • Pelvic organ prolapse, which can cause vaginal/rectal pain and discomfort

About one in three women (post-childbirth, menopausal/post-menopausal or geriatric cases are the highest) suffer from pelvic floor weakness and the conditions that could result thereof.

Childbirth is the most common cause of pelvic floor disorders in women. Other factors that could result in pelvic floor disorders are:

  • Obesity
  • Repeated heavy lifting
  • Genetic history
  • Previous pelvic surgery

It is always advised to meet a gynaecologist at the earliest if faced with these conditions as it will only get worse over time.

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